The hardest times are over for the Dutch and Spanish construction sector.

The German construction sector is growing at a slower pace than in recent years. But there are positive signs in the Netherlands and Spain where the hardest times are over, as these two countries showed improvement throughout the whole of 2014. France and Italy are not recovering as fast as expected in earlier quarters, so a lot of architects in these two countries have been struggling throughout 2014.

Dirk Hoogenboom

Door Dirk Hoogenboom
26 jan 2015

The British market keeps on improving, although at a slightly slower pace than expected in previous quarters. One of the reasons for this is that the building permits for residential building have decreased compared to last quarter, the non-residential building permits are more or less stable and all confidence indicators show a slight decrease (2 of 3 still positive). Nevertheless there are signals that one should be careful about being too euphoric: the last three quarters clearly show a fair number of architects who expect an empty order book in the next 12 months

The German market has seen a steady positive development among the German architects. In the second semester of 2014 both the German order book and turnover development were positive again but the growth was smaller than the growth in previous semesters. This means that there are fewer architects seeing improvement in their order books and turnover, it is rather steady or slightly diminishing. There are however some indicators which may lead to some concerns: two confidence indicators (consumer and industrial) have slightly declined for two quarters in a row and the GDP growth rate was nearly zero in Q3 (the latest available).

The French market is not showing any improvement. There are much more French architects experiencing a decreasing order book than an increasing order book, where this quarter the difference is the largest in the recent years, even bigger than in Q3. The drops in the order book and turnover development in Q4 2014 are the biggest since Arch-Vision has started measuring which shows that the French situation is not improving. Other indicators are also showing more downward trends. Therefore Arch-Vision predicts that the French construction market will decrease in 2015 and will not recover before 2016

What was already predicted in Q1 2014 for Spain, is being confirmed in the rest of 2014: the continuously decreasing line has come to a hold; results are positive four quarters in a row as more architects reported an increasing order book instead of a decreasing order book. With every quarter of 2013 the Spanish architects were showing their positive expectations meaning the bottom had been reached and improvements should follow. Unfortunately the more positive attitude is not completely in line with the development in the building permits. The permits for residential buildings show a slightly positive trend in 2014, where the non-residential had a major drop 2014. The next two years (2015-2016) will show the road to recovery of the Spanish construction sector

After some very bad quarters in 2013 Italy experienced drops in the order book and turnover development in 2014 as well, although not as bad as in 2013. In comparison to 2013 we see more architects noticing an increase in their order book over the year 2014. This however is only a small number compared to those who see their order book declining. Although no data on building permits are yet available for 2014 the figures of previous years were not positive: they showed big declines compared to 2010. This will have its influence on the construction in the 2 – 3 years after the building permits have been granted. Therefore the outlook for the next twelve months is still not very promising. Arch-Vision predicts a shrinkage of the market in 2014, 2015 and in 2016. This on top of the heavy decline in 2013.

For the whole of 2014 the Dutch order book and turnover development were positive. This is a continuation of the improvement we saw in the last quarter of 2013. The number of architects experiencing improvements (52%) is the highest since Arch-Vision started the research. At the moment 19% expect an empty order book within the coming 12 months, which is also one of the lowest percentages in 4 years. The positive architectural sentiment can also be seen amongst other indicators such as building permits and most confidence indicators. TTherefore Arch-Vision predicts a small increase in 2014 and further improvement in 2015 and 2016

2014 showed a quite stable positive development regarding the order books of Belgium architects; more architects reporting increasing order books instead of decreasing order books. Only 11% of the Belgian architects expect an empty order book. The building permits figures show opposite developments: a big drop for both residential and non-residential. In total together with relatively stable confidence indicators this leads to an unaltered prediction of the Belgian construction sector by Ach-Vision which is one of a steady growth in future years

After the negative order book developments in 2013 the Polish architects showed positive signs for the first three quarters of 2014: more architects showing increasing order books than architects experiencing decreasing order books. In Q4 2014 however, Arch-Vision saw that the number of architects that experienced their order book growing was lower than the number who saw declining order books. This was already foreseen in Q3 since the number of architects that expected an empty order book within the next 12 months had increased. Poland is a country which heavily relies on new build with respect to the construction sector volumes. Nevertheless it could be comforting that the other figures of the Barometers are positive. This is also the case for the building permits; they show a stable trend. All together Arch-Vision expects that the Polish construction sector will continue to grow in 2015 & 2016

These and many other results and trends of the developments of the European construction market can be found in the European Architectural Barometer, an international market research conducted among 1,600 architects in Europe. This study is conducted in Germany, France, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium and Poland by Arch-Vision four times a year. Besides indicators to forecast the European building volumes, a specific topic is highlighted each quarter. The topic in Q4 2014 was “Cooperation with building product manufacturers”.